Kashmir Dispute: The efforts of Pakistan and Failure of UNO, where is India?

black-day-observed-to-condemn-indian-troops-brutality-in-kashmir-920e6a72500a9d7f1b5439dd9fad7d02Prime minister of Pakistan nawz sharif has gone to new york to attend general assembly ‘s annaual session, he will do his speech on 21 sptember. According tp sources,again he is going to raise kashmir issue in his speech.

In last session, Pm nwaz sharif strongly condemend the indian forces attrocities in occupied kashmir and called it life line for pakistan.Also, called it the failure of UNO.After this speech indian media and officials start crying, they blamed ‘Pakistan is responsible for terrorism”, they also tried to link kashmir freedom movement with terrorism.

New dehli  always demanding from pakistan to “Do more” against terrorism and countinuely refusing to talk on kashmir dispue. New Delhi has rejected Pakistan’s invitation to hold talks on the future of Jammu and Kashmir, saying it is an integral part of the nation. It also says any talks should address cross-border terrorism in India-held Kashmir.

Modi has said India will not bow to terrorism and accused Pakistan of glorifying it in his annual Independence Day speech on August 15, in which he also raised the rhetorical stakes by highlighting concerns about human rights in restive regions of Pakistan.

On other side Pakistan already invited india to talks on this issue.In past pakistan had been done serious efforts to solve this dispute but indian side refusing to talk on kashmir. In this scenario, India is not ready to talk about Kashmir issue, and Pakistan calls it their life line. Kashmir is very important for Pakistan and the Pakistani case is very strong in this matter.

According to reports, in 1947-8, India and Pakistan fought their first war over Jammu and Kashmir. Under United Nations’ supervision, they agreed to a ceasefire along a line which left one-third of the state – comprising what Pakistan calls Azad Jammu and Kashmir, and the Northern Areas – under Pakistani administration and two-thirds, Jammu, Ladakh and the Kashmir Valley, under Indian administration. In 1972, under the terms of the Simla agreement, the ceasefire line was renamed the Line of Control.Although India claims that the entire state is part of India, it has been prepared to accept the Line of Control as the international border, with some possible modifications. Both the US and the UK have also favored turning the Line of Control into an internationally-recognized frontier.Now, in all of Kashmir, the people are raising Pakistan’s flag. This movement of kashmiries gains a new direction but India fears where this is heading. The Indian government wants to silence their voice. The Hurriyat leaders are real representatives of Kashmiri people

Pakistan’s policy on Kashmir has changed with every change in government. The transformation from dictatorship to democracy, terrorism, extremism, and a weakening economy along with a war on the western border have influenced Pakistan’s policy toward the dispute.

General Musharraf tried a change of tack to resolve the Kashmir dispute through bilateral inter-action but failed because New Delhi refused to see reason. Prime Minister Sharif visited NewDelhi to attend Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s inauguration but his act of good faith was rewarded by Indian intrasingence.

The on-going military operation against the Taliban in FATA shows that the government’s top priority now is countering terrorism in KP, FATA, and Balochistan. Nonetheless, both states need to solve the Kashmir issue.

The regional political landscape is changing rapidly with new actors like China emerging in the region. A majority of the China-funded mega projects in Pakistan are in AJK and G-B. Given Pakistan’s dependence on energy sources located in Azad Kashmir, and an overwhelming focus on the counterterrorism campaign, it appears reasonable to argue that any change in Pakistan’s policy toward Kashmir is unlikely in the years to come.

The world community, however, has a responsibility. It did not allow apartheid to be perpetuated in South Africa nor Indonesia to rule East Timor by force. Turning a blind eye to the violence in Indian occupied Kashmir is asking for grief. Under peaceful circumstances, India and Pakistan have a huge potential for economic prosperity. The continued conflict over Kashmir denies full realisation of this potential.


The writer is M.Phil Scholar of International relations and freelance journalist. You can contact t@azhar.thiraj  and f@azhar.thiraj .