Contours of debt trap


THIS refers to the news report ‘Trade deficit surges to all-time high’ (April 12). The trade deficit has already crossed the $23bn mark during July-March and expected to exceed $30bn by June, which is forcing the government to seek fresh borrowings from other sources to meet its import requirements, as well as debt service obligations.

The reserves have declined from the peak of $24.5bn in early October 2016 to $21.5bn as of now, with falling exports, increasing imports and the resultant enlarged current account deficit expected at about $6bn. Further erosion in reserves in the subsequent months looks certain as the improvement is not foreseen in the performance of external trade.

The above scenario demonstrates that the country is into a serious debt trap. Debt trap is a situation in which a debt is difficult or impossible to repay, the borrower is sucked into obtaining fresh debt to pay old debt and a vicious cycle is created from which there is no exit.

Pakistan’s external debt stands at $75bn while its exports are $20bn. This means its external debt is almost four times that of exports. Bangladesh’s external debt is just 1.2 times its exports.

The bottom line is that the nation is close to financial insolvency.

North Korean Threat To USA


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North korean leader Kim Jong Un salutes during a visit to the Ministry of the People’s Armed Forces on the occasion of the new year, in this undated photo released by North Korea’s Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) on January 10, 2016.

South Korea said on Sunday North Korea’s latest missile launch threatened the entire world, warning of a punitive action if it leads to further provocations such as a nuclear test or a long-range missile launch.

"North Korea showing a variety of offensive missiles at yesterday’s military parade and daring to fire a ballistic missile today is a show of force that threatens the whole world,” South Korea’s Foreign Ministry said in a statement.

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A North Korean missile "blew up almost immediately” on its test launch on Sunday, the U.S. Pacific Command said, hours before U.S. Vice President Mike Pence was due in South Korea for talks on the North’s increasingly defiant arms program.

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Two Killers,Ready to Destroy Humanity


 

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Russia, Syria and Iran strongly warned the United States Friday against launching new strikes on Syria and called for an international investigation of the chemical weapons attack there that killed nearly 90 people.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, who hosted his Iranian and Syrian counterparts in Moscow, denounced the U.S. missile strikes on Syria as a “flagrant violation” of international law. Additional such actions would entail “grave consequences not only for regional but global security,” Lavrov said.

Syrian Foreign Minister Walid Moallem said the meeting sent a “strong message” to Washington. Iran’s Mohammad Javad Zarif emphasized that the participants agreed that unilateral actions by the U.S. were unacceptable.

The U.S. accuses the Syrian government of deliberately launching the deadly chemical attack in Khan Sheikhoun on April 4. Russia has alleged that the victims were killed by toxic agents from a rebel chemical arsenal hit by Syrian war planes.

Moscow has warned against putting the blame on Damascus until an independent inquiry is conducted and vetoed a proposed U.N. resolution on the attack, saying it failed to mention the need to inspect the affected area.

Lavrov on Friday expressed skepticism about a preliminary investigation conducted by the U.N.’s chemical weapons watchdog. He alleged that its experts failed to visit the site and said it was unclear to Russia where evidence was taken and how it was

In Russia’s view, the probe conducted by the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons should be widened to include experts from many nations, he said.

“If our U.S. colleagues and some European nations believe that their version is right, they have no reason to fear the creation of such an independent group,” Lavrov added. “The investigation into this high-profile incident must be transparent and leave no doubt that someone is trying to hide something.”

Lavrov said the U.S. strike on the Syrian base has undermined peace efforts in Syria and reflected Washington’s focus on ousting Syrian President Bashar Assad’s government.

The three ministers also discussed the beefing up of U.S. forces on Jordan’s border with Syria, Moallem said. He added that Russia, Iran and Syria have “common procedures against any aggression,” but wouldn’t offer specifics.

Lavrov said Moscow has asked Washington about the purpose of the buildup and received assurances that the U.S. troops were deployed there to cut supply lines between the Islamic State group factions in Syria and Iraq.

Russia has staunchly backed Assad’s government throughout Syria’s six-year civil war. It has conducted an air campaign in Syria since September 2015, saving Assad’s government from imminent collapse and helping to reverse the Syrian military’s fortunes.

تحریک آزادی کشمیر کا نیاپن،بھارتی ناکامی کا پیش خیمہ


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مسئلہ کشمیر دو چار برس کی بات نہیں ہے یہ نصف صدی پر محیط کشمکش کا سفر ہے،اس سفر میں کشمیریوں نے آزادی کی تحریک شروع کی تو ہزاروں شہداء کی صورت میں بھارتی فوج کی طرف سے تحفہ ملا،کشمیر بھارت کو اپنا اٹوٹ انگ قراردیتا ہے تو پاکستان کیلئے شہہ رگ ہے،شہہ رگ کے بغیر کوئی جاندار زندہ نہیں رہ سکتا پاکستان اپنی شہہ رگ کو کبھی تنہا نہیں چھوڑے گا،پاکستان نے اپنے موقف میں لچک بھی دکھائی لیکن بھارت کی طرف سے ایک انچ بھی تبدیلی نہ آئی،کشمیر میں کچھ عرصہ آزادی کی تحریک کی شدت میں کمی ضرور آئی لیکن ختم نہیں ہوئی،حالیہ دنوں میں آزادی کی تحریک عروج پر ہے،کشمیریوں کو اپنے ساتھ رکھنے کی ہر بھارتی تدبیر ناکام ہورہی ہے،کشمیر یوں نے اعلانیہ پاکستانی پرچم لہرانے اور ترانے بجانا شروع کردیے ہیں،بھارتی فوج کی مزاحمت میں پتھر لے کر گلی محلوں میں اپنی بقاء کی جنگ لڑ رہے ہیں،حال میں بھارتی وزیر اعظم نریندر مودی نے وادی کا دورہ کیا تو منہ کی کھانا پڑی،ریاستی انتخابات کا ڈرامہ رچایا تو فلاپ ہوگیا،بھارتی ٹی وی کے مطابق ٹرن آؤٹ تیس سالہ تاریخ میں سب سے کم 6فیصد رہا جس کے باعث بھارت کو یہ انتخابات منسوخ کرنا پڑے۔
پاکستان جتنا بھی کشمیر کے مسئلے کو حل کرنے کی طرف بڑھتا ہے بھارت اسی رفتار سے دور بھاگنے کی کوشش کرتا ہے،پاکستان کا موقف ہے کہ مسئلہ کشمیر کو حل کیے بغیر مذاکرات کا معاملہ آگے نہیں بڑھ سکتا۔یہ حقیقت ہے کہ مسئلہ کشمیر کے حل سے خطے کے بہت سارے مسائل خود بخودسدھر جائینگے،خطے کا امن کشمیر کے امن سے وابستہ ہے،کیونکہ کشمیر کی جغرافیائی حیثیت تین ایٹمی طاقتوں،چین پاکستان اور بھارت کیلئے اہم ہے،اسی فوجی،سیاسی اہمیت کے پیش نظر بھارت کشمیر پر سے قبضہ چھوڑنے پر تیار نہیں۔
بھارت ہمیشہ کشمیر کو اپنا اٹوٹ انگ قرار دیتا آیا ہے۔بھارت کہتا ہے کہ پہلے دہشتگردی اور دوسرے مسائل بارے بات کرو اس کے بعد کشمیرکا معاملہ دیکھا جائیگا،کشمیر کو وہ متنازعہ علاقہ تسلیم ہی نہیں کرتا،حالانکہ بھارتی حکومت 1948ء میں خود اس مسئلے کو اقوام متحدہ کی سلامتی کونسل میں اٹھاکر کشمیری عوام کی امنگوں کے مطابق مسئلے کو حل کرنے کا وعدہ کرچکی ہے،اقوام متحدہ کی قرارداد کے بعد بھارتی اٹوٹ انگ کے دعوے کی کوئی حیثیت نہیں رہتی۔بھارت کشمیر میں جاری جدوجہد آزادی کی کوششوں کو بھی دہشتگردی کے کھاتے میں ڈالتا ہے،اس کا خیال ہے کہ وہاں برسر پیکار تنظمیں دہشتگرد ہیں،مان لیا یہ دہشتگرد ہیں تو اس کی وجہ بھی تو خود بھارت ہی ہے جس کی ’’میں نہ مانوں‘‘کی پالیسی نے کشمیری نوجوانوں کو اسلحہ اٹھانے پر مجبور کیا،کسی بھی جگہ امن نہ ہو تو تجارتی،ثقافتی اور دیگرتعلقات کی باتیں بے معنی ہوجاتی ہیں کاش!یہ سب بھارت سمجھ سکتا۔
اگر پاکستان کی کشمیر اور خطے میں امن کوششوں کا جائزہ لیا جائے تو پاکستان نے ہر دور میں امن کیلئے پہل کی ہے۔پاکستان نے مسئلہ کشمیر کو دنیا کے ہر فورم پر اٹھایا ہے،سارک سے لے کر اقوام متحدہ تک اس مسئلے کو لے کر گیا ہے،پاکستان کی اس حوالے سے پالیسی مسقل رہی ہے لیکن حل کرنے کے فارمولے تبدیل ہوتے رہے ہیں۔ ساٹھ کی دہائی میں صدر مملکت ایوب خان نے اس مسئلے کو حل کروانے کیلئے امریکی صدر جان ایف کینڈی سے بھی مدد مانگی۔صدر ایوب کے بعد شہید ذوالفقار علی بھٹو بھی اس مسئلے کو حل کرنے میں پیش پیش رہے،او آئی سی کا وجود عمل میں آیا تو اس کے اجلاس میں بھی قراداد لائی گئی،جنرل ضیاء الحق شہید اور پیپلز پارٹی کے دوسرے دور حکومت میں بھی مسئلے کے حل کیلئے مختلف تجاویز پیش کی گئیں۔ کارگل میں پاک بھارت جنگ اور نائن الیون کے واقعہ کے بعد صورتحال یکسر تبدیل ہوگئی لیکن کشمیر کے حوالے سے پاکستان کی سیاسی حمایت میں کوئی کمی نہ آئی،جولائی 2001ء میں پاکستانی صدر پرویز مشرف نے بھارت کا دورہ کیا اور آگرہ میں اپنا چار نکاتی فارمولا پیش کیا۔مشرف فارمولا میں کہا گیا کہ کشمیر کو ایک منازعہ علاقہ قرار دے کر اس پر مذاکرات کا آغاز کیا جائے،غیر عملی حل کو چھوڑ دیا جائے اور اصلی حل کی جانب بڑھا جائے۔بھارت اس وقت بھی اعلامیہ پر دستخط کرنے سے مکر گیا۔پھر 2006ء میں جنرل پرویز مشرف نے ایک اور چار نکاتی حل پیش کیا جس میں کہا گیا کہ علاقے کو غیر فوجی علاقہ قرار دیکر مقامی حکومت بنائی جائے،کوئی نئی حد بندی نہ کی جائے ،پاکستان اور بھارت کی باہمی انتظامیہ مقرر کی جائے۔بھارت اس حل کی طر ف بھی نہ آیا۔اس کے بعد پیپلز پارٹی کی حکومت نے بھی اپنے تئیں حل کی کوشش کی ،صدر زرداری نے اقوام متحدہ اور امریکی نمائندوں سے ملاقات میں بھی کشمیر کو خطے کا سب سے بڑا مسئلہ قرار دیا۔2013ء میں نوازلیگ نے حکومت سنبھالی تووزیراعظم میاں محمد نوازشریف نے پہلا کام بھارتی ہم منصب نریندر مودی کی تقریب حلف برداری میں جاکر امن کا پیغام دیا،وزیر اعظم میاں محمد نواز شریف نے اقوام متحدہ کے اجلاس میں خطاب کے دوران مسئلہ کشمیر کا حل نہ ہونا اقوام عالم کی ناکامی قرار دیا۔ پاکستان کی بھارت سے تعلقات کے حوالے سے نیت صاف ہے لیکن بھارت پاکستان کی طرف سے بھیجے گئے پھولوں کا جواب ہمیشہ نفرت اور توپوں کے گولوں سے دیتا آیا ہے۔
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بھارت نے ہمیشہ پاکستان کو نیچا دکھانے کیلئے کوششیں کی ہیں،جہاں بھی اس کا بس چلا اس نے پاک سرزمین کیخلاف زہر افشانی کی ہے،حقیقت یہ ہے کہ بھارتی ذہن نے ابھی تک پاکستان کے وجود کو تسلیم ہی نہیں کیا،پاکستان اور چین کے مابین جب سے معاشی اور سٹریٹجک قربتیں بڑہی ہیں ،بھارتی حکومت ،پالیسی میکرز کو یہ بات ہضم نہیں ہورہیں،بلکہ یہ کہیں کہ ہیضہ ہوگیا ہے،بھارت چاہتا ہے کہ پاکستان کے زیر کنٹرول علاقہ کو اپنا حصہ ظاہر کرکے منصوبے کو شروع ہونے سے پہلے ہی رکوا دیا جائے ۔بھارت چور مچائے شور والی پالیسی پر عمل پیرا ہے،کہ اتنا شور مچایا جائے کہ بھارت کے زیر قبضہ علاقوں اور وہاں جاری آزادی کی تحریکوں کی طرف دنیا کا دھیان ہی نہ جانے پائے۔بھارتی حکومت نے پاکستان اور چین کے مابین عدم اعتماد کی فضاء قائم کرنے کیلئے اپنی خفیہ ایجنسی را کو ہدف دے دیا ہے جس کے اثرات پاکستان میں محسوس بھی کیے جا رہے ہیں،بلوچستان سے بھارتی ایجنسی را کے ایجنٹوں کا پکڑا جانا پاکستانی کی سلامتی پر بھارت کا وار ہے جو ناقابل معافی جرم ہے،بھارت مسئلہ کشمیر کو حل کرنے کے بجائے افغانستان سے مل کر پاکستان میں پراکسی وار شروع کے ہوئے ہے،بھارت کبھی بھی نہیں چاہے گا کہ چین اقتصادی راہداری کے ذریعے افغانستان یا سنٹرل ایشیا کی ریاستوں تک پہنچے،بھارت کے اس منصوبے کا اعتراف بھارتی جاسوس کلبھوشن یادیو نے بھی کیا ہے،اس کے اسی اعتراف کے جرم میں ملٹری کورٹس نے سزا بھی سنائی ہے جس پر بھارت دنیا بھر میں واویلا مچا رہا ہے،سزا پر عمل کرنے کی صورت میں سخت نتائج کی دھمکیاں بھی دے رہا ہے،بھارت کی یہ خام خیالی ہے کہ وہ پاکستان او ر چین کو ترقی سے روک پائے گا۔

ّبھارتی حکمران یہ بات اپنے ذہن میں رکھیں کہ پاکستان معاشی لحاظ پیچھے ضرور ہے لیکن اتنا ہی کمزور نہیں کہ نوالہ سمجھ کر چبا لیا جائے۔پاکستان نے تو دنیا کو پرامن بنانے کیلئے ساٹھ ہزار سے زائد قربانیاں دی ہیں،اقوام متحدہ کے ہر امن مشن کا پاک فوج حصہ ہے،دنیا میں جہاں بھی ظلم کی بات ہوتی ہے پاکستان اس کی مذمت کرنے میں پیش پیش ہوتا ہے،بھارت نے تو خود اپنے ملک میں گاؤ ماتا کی پوجا کے نام پر الاؤ جلا رکھے ہیں،تمام اقلیتیں نام نہاد سیکولر جمہوری نظام سے تنگ ہیں،روزانہ نفرت کے نام پر قتل کیے جانیوالوں کی خبریں ملتی ہیں،بھارت کو پاکستان کی فکر چھوڑ کراپنے وطن کی فکر کرنی چاہیے،اپنا وجود بر قرار رکھنے کیلئے اپنے عوام کو رام کرے نہ کہ ہمسایوں کے سینگوں میں سینگ ڈالتا پچرے۔
کشمیر کو اٹوٹ انگ کہنے سے یہ انگ بھارت کا تھوڑا ہی ہوجائے گا،جنگ جنگ کرنے سے کہیں ایسا نہ ہو کہ بھارت کا انگ انگ ہی نہ ٹوٹ جائے،کالے کوے کو سفید کہنے سے سفید نہیں ہوجاتا

Women in technologySilicon Valley’s sexism problem


“BOOBER” is the nickname Travis Kalanick, the boss of Uber, used to describe the effect that the ride-hailing startup had on his attractiveness to the opposite sex. Mr Kalanick’s wisecrack seems to have been emblematic of a deeply macho culture. An investigation is under way into allegations from a former employee that Uber refuses to promote capable women or to take complaints about harassment seriously. The results are due to be released in the coming weeks.

Uber is not the only technology star in the spotlight for its treatment of women. Google has been accused by America’s Department of Labour of paying female employees significantly less than male ones.Google flatly denies the charge. But that technology in general, and Silicon Valley in particular, has a gender problem is not in doubt. A survey of 210 women in the valley found that 60% had experienced unwanted sexual advances and that two-thirds felt excluded from important social and networking opportunities. PayScale, a research firm, has found that only 21% of American tech executives are female (the figure in other industries is 36%). Women in tech are paid less than men, even after controlling for experience, education and responsibilities.

Not all these problems can be laid at the door of Silicon Valley. Plenty of people are worried about the small number of girls taking science, technology, engineering and mathematics courses. Only 18% of bachelor’s degrees in computer science in America were awarded to women in 2013, down from 37% in 1985. Pay gaps are pervasive, too.

But that shouldn’t let the valley off the hook. It prides itself on solving difficult problems and on being a meritocracy. Being as bad as everywhere else in its treatment of women falls disappointingly short. More to the point, the valley suffers from a distinctive form of sexism which is in its power to fix.

Venture capitalists are the technology industry’s demigods. Through their cheques, connections and advice, they determine which startups succeed and which languish. They are bright, clannish and almost exclusively male. Only around 6% of partners at venture-capital firms are women, down from 10% in 1999. Less than 40% of the top 100 venture-capital firms have a female partner charged with investing. Many of the most highly regarded funds, including Benchmark and Andreessen Horowitz, have none.

For a set of people who finance disruptive firms, venture capitalists are surprisingly averse to disrupting their own tried-and-tested way of doing things. They sit in small groups, meet entrepreneurs and repeat a single formula for investing whenever possible. John Doerr, who backed companies like Google, summed up his philosophy thus: “Invest in white male nerds who’ve dropped out of Harvard or Stanford.”

 

Plenty of studies show that diverse teams are more productive. Hiring more women in venture capital seems to increase the odds of finding and funding those elusive female entrepreneurs. Venture capitalists play a vital role in shaping the culture of startups: investors who value diversity are likelier to guide them away from the reputational and legal risks that beset offices full of “brogrammers”. Silicon Valley is a remarkable place. But it is time for the boy’s club to grow up.

Eight civilians were killed in Indian Occupied Kashmir


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Srinagar(correspondent)eight civilians were killed in Indian Occupied Kashmir on Sunday when police opened fire at protesters who stormed polling stations during a by-election for a parliamentary seat, a top officer said.

State and paramilitary police fired bullets and shotgun pellets as thousands of protesters shouting slogans against Indian rule charged into voting booths in Budgam district near Srinagar.

“Violent protests happened at many places in Budgam. Protesters damaged and snatched EVMs (electronic voting machines) at some places,” Shantmanu, the state’s chief electoral officer, told AFP.

“It was not a good day for all of us. Six civilians were killed and 70 were wounded,” Shantmanu, who uses only one name, told reporters. Many were grievously injured with bullets fired by police and paramilitary troops, hospital sources in Srinagar said.

Tears Of Syria


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The war in Syria has gone on for over five years and has claimed the lives of more than a quarter of a million people.

It is being fought between soldiers who support the president of Syria, Bashar al-Assad, and a group of fighters known as rebels, who don’t want him to be in power anymore.

Because it is being fought between two sides within the same country, it is known as a civil war.

There has been a significant battle in the Syrian city of Aleppo recently, which is part of this conflict.

Recently Asad army used chemical bomb against his people,The grief-stricken father cradled his 9-month-old twins, Aya and Ahmad, each in the crook of an arm. Stroking their hair, he choked back tears, mumbling, “Say goodbye, baby, say goodbye” to their lifeless bodies.Then Abdel Hameed Al Yousuf took them to a mass grave where 22 members of his family were being buried. Each branch of the clan got its own trench.More than 80 people, including at least 30 children and 20 women, were killed in the chemical attack on the Syrian town of Khan Shaikhoun early Tuesday, and the toll could still rise. The Al Yousuf family, one of the town’s main clans, was hardest hit.

This conflict is expanding day by day in Middle East, turkey; KSA and Iran have been involved in this civil war. They are supporting their well wishers. Actually this is the power game of world powers USA and Russia who are playing in Muslims territories. They are behind the scene.

The current Aleppo onslaught has resulted in hundreds of innocent people dead and counting, as Assad’s Army is attempting a final blow to rebels. Last day In Ankara Russian Ambassador was killed by his guard who was chanting “revenge for Syria and Aleppo”. The murder followed days of protests in Turkey over Russia’s role in Syria as a backer of president Bashar al-Assad and came on the eve of talks in Moscow about the future of Syria involving Russia, Iran and Turkey, which will still go ahead on Tuesday. This all seems to be a pre planned strategy..

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In this scenario, The role of Muslim world is shameful; all Muslim rulers seem to be in deep slumber, and no one has even condemned Assad’s Cruellism. Cessation of the incremental genocide and the restitution of the basic human and civil rights of syria, wherever they are, including the right to return, is the only way to open a new vista for a productive international intervention in the Middle East as a whole. It is time to raise a strong movement against Civil War in Syria.

 

 

 

Rising Extremism In Pakistan


Azhar Thiraj

azhar pupoo

American support to Israeli’s occupation, Indian terrorism in Kashmir, Russian aggression in Afghanistan and Chechnya, and western anti Islamic campaign under “Clash of Civilization” generated savage culture of bloodshed. Extremism in Pakistan is fallout of Russian invasion of Afghanistan (1989), fueled by Shia-Sunni proxy war, aggravated by Pakistan’s assistance to Mujahedeen, finally, accelerated after 9/11. The chain of madressas allegedly funded through ‘dollars’, misinterpreted Islam. Social injustice, illiteracy and chronic poverty added fuel to the fire. US pressure to “Do More” syndrome angered the disgruntled warriors. Above all, General Zia and Musharraf’s solo policy-making made Pakistan “A Front line State”. Resultantly people of Pakistan, painfully suffered by suicide bombings and attack on peace keeping agencies.

Extremism is a critical problem faced by Pakistani society today leading to social, economic, cultural, political turmoil and humanitarian crises. It has nurtured due to internal and external factors. Internal factors are the prevalence of social injustice, inequality, illiteracy and exploitation in the society. External factors are the involvement of Pakistan in the regional and international power game and proxy wars. Modus operandi of extremism is the expression of a fanatic behavior by individuals and groups, who are not able to convey their will in the society, through prevalent social mechanism. The people who cannot exert their influence, in the decision making process, go for violent means to express their opinion[1]. As a result we see anarchy in the society. This situation fuels the flames of poverty, terrorism and social distress. Extremism can be of different types, it can be ethnic, linguistic, narrow nationalism but the most severe kind of extremism faced by our society is religious extremism.

The present bloody scenario presents a gruesome picture of Pakistan Army fighting in South Waziristan. The IDPs have terribly suffered financial, mental and physical losses. The foreign terrorist, indifferent to our national interest, have taken refuge in tribal areas to the utter wrath of US. The uncontrolled drone attacks are killing terrorists along with innocent masses. The liberal personality of Benazir murdered ruthlessly. Minorities are targeted by these extremists. The recent incidents like attack on Christians in Gojra and attack on Qadiyanis in Lahore are the examples of extremism.

The dilemma of using religion in Pakistan’s politics for political gains intensified during the Zia period from 1977 to 1988, once he was enforcing his Islalmization policies. The Zia’s era coupled with start of Afghan War not only encouraged the rise of ethnic and religious parties on sectarian lines under varying interpretations of Islam, but also ultimately gave rise to Sunni-Shea confrontations that further polarized the society. A network of Madaris emerged and flourished throughout the country. They provided a breeding ground for the Jihadi elements under the backing of Saudi Arabia, other Arab countries and west led by US. The trend thus set, got the boost from the success of the Jihad and the Islamists around the world considered religion as the decisive factor in their struggle against oppression and political injustice.

There are many factors which contribute to this madnes.

On 27 December 1979 the Soviet forces invaded Afghanistan and the intervention created great alarm for Pakistan.first,Presently different concepts about Islam and Jihad are floating in the minds of the people. Some hold that Islam is a religion of wars and battles i.e. terrorism; others label it with extremism. In reality Islam neither promotes terrorism nor encourages extremism. It preaches tolerance and moderation. Islam forbids killing without justification. Similarly different concepts of Jihad are also agitating human minds and a distorted concept is being projected everywher.The most common misunderstanding has been created by Muslims themselves. Many Muslim Scholars have declared Jihad synonymous with Qital (war).Second,US policies are one of the major causes of extremism in Muslim world especially Pakistan. US interference in Pakistan’s internal affairs has provoked extremism. US policy of do more and drone attacks aggravated extremism in Pakistan. Since September 2001 till today, that is, just within nine years the US has lost much of its good will.Third,Ineffective Security Council has established American hegemony at the cost of freedom of Muslim countries. The UN charter allows an attack against any aggressor, if it is in the common interest of the members states. Further the peace-keeping forces of Security Council could invade the country. After 9/11, the American resolution was unanimously passed against the Taliban’s regime. But, while invading Iraq, President Bush said, “We will bypass Security Council”. Unfortunately, this world body kept criminal silence over this injustice.The Charter promises that no country can interfere in the internal matters of the member state. In contrast, the SC resolutions on Kashmir have been declared outdated. Likewise, North Korea is only facing sanctions, even after launching successful nuclear tests. Whereas, Iran is continuously being threatened by use of force, as in Obama’s words “Iran’s nuclear programme is against American Security”. American blue eyed, Israel is adamant to implement agreed peace Accord. So, Security Council has been a shameful failure in protecting the legitimate rights of the Muslim world.fourth,The slow economic and human development process, with the rise in population and unequal distribution of resources has created a large deprived and unemployed class. The rising unemployment, particularly among the students of religion, is creating a dangerous situation. The rising poverty is creating suicide bomber.Fifth,Chronic Illiteracy:Illiterate people do not fairly understand the essence of the teachings of Islam due to lack of adequate knowledge of religion. They listen from religious teacher or from poorly educated Mullahs about Islam in local languages without a chance of even verifying at later stage owing to lack of sufficient knowledge of local language. Hence, they start following it and don’t worry about its athencity.sixth,Decline in Tradition of Ijtihad:The decline of the established tradition of jihad interpretation of Quran by Muslim clerics to apply Quranic law to changing circumstances-has lead to rigid and narrow interpretations of religious precepts. The crisis emerged for almost half a century now.seventh,Poor Governance and Unequal Development:

Some Logical Consequences of Growing this Menace are the religious harmony was the first causality of the extremism.2.Infrastructure has destructed due to extremists and terrorists activities. No foreigner is ready to invest in Pakistan due to law and order situation. Growth rate is declined to 2.4 and foreign debts are increased to 55 billion dollars. Due to instability and insecurity brain drain has increased at maximum level. Whole nation is under depression and feel insecure even to go to markets and Mosques. There is no security of common person’s life and wealth.3.Though Pakistan is victim of extremism and terrorism yet it is labeled as sponsoring terrorism in the world.

Pragmatic Solutions to Convert This Hell into Heaven are There must be a strong parliament to tackle this issue.

There should be modern syllabus in Midrassas along with religious curriculum.

Madrassas should be under the command of government.

Pakistan should revise its policy towards war on terror.

UNO should play effective role in solving international disputes.

There must be effective role of OIC and SCO.

There must be sincere interfaith harmony among different religions.

Global media should play constructive role.

There should be positive mind set up against terrorism and extremism.

Social justice would provide base for up rooting of terrorism.

There must be equality so that there would be no inferiority complex.

US should revise its policies towards Muslim World.

Pakistan must be emphasized on education at maximum level.

Though Pakistan is victim of extremism and terrorism yet it is labeled as sponsoring terrorism in the world. Though Pakistan has suffered a lot in the wage of terrorism yet World Community see Pakistan as safe heaven of terrorism. Suicide bombings in shopping malls, hotels, common business centers and on roads not only affected local economy but also drained foreign investments from Pakistan. Pakistan has suffered the colossal financial losses of more than $68 billion or Rs 5036.8 billion in the so called war on terror since 2001 while human loss is around 40,000. The war spread like a contagion into rural and urban areas of Pakistan that has so far, cost the country more than 35,000 citizens, 3500 security personnel, destruction of infrastructure, internal migration of millions of people from parts of northwestern Pakistan, erosions of investment climate, nose diving of production and growing unemployment and above all brought economic activity to a virtual standstill in many part of the country, says Economic.

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